With 2140 registered prevalence in 2012, one of the endemic countries of Leprosy is Nepal. Leprosy has been recognized for a very long time as a public health problem and efforts are being made at a national level to eliminate the disease. In January 2010 Nepal officially eliminated the disease; however complete eradication is still far from reality. To combat this, a ‘Leprosy Control Division’ has been established in the country by the Government.
Nepal is also home to one of the oldest leprosarium in the world. Khokana Leprosarium near Kathmandu is 140 years old (opened in 1857), while Malangua Leprosarium has been operational since 1939.
Nepal ratified CRPD on 7th May 2010 and recently submitted its Country Report in July 2014. In the report, Leprosy found mention under Article 8: Awareness Raising and under Article 25: Health. The report can be read here -http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CRPD%2fC%2fNPL%2f1&Lang=en
One of the major self-help groups and organizations working in the field of Leprosy in Nepal are READ Nepal and The Leprosy Mission.
READ Nepal is an affiliate of DPI’s member in Nepal - National Federation of the Disabled Nepal (NFDN). Thus it is one of the few DPOs in the world representing all kinds of disabilities, including Leprosy. Through this effort NFDN has not only included people affected by Leprosy in the global disability movement but has also given them a voice at their National Assemblies, surpassing all the stigmas attached and empowering the marginalized.
The Leprosy Mission- Nepal
Shovakhar Kandel,Country Leader
Address: PO Box 151.
Phone: +977 1 5574354