Leprosy is a public health problem in Brazil. Despite economic development, expansion of public healthcare, and efforts of the leprosy control program in the past 30 years, this disease has not been eliminated, and new cases are still being detected. As a proportion of the population Brazil is the worst country in the world for the disease and each year more than 35,000 people are diagnosed with the condition.
Brazil ratified the CRPD on August 1, 2008 and submitted its country report on May 27, 2012. Mention of Leprosy has been found at three instances under the report under the titles ‘Protecting the integrity of the person, Health and Habilitation and Rehabilitation’. The report can be found here - http://tbinternet.ohchr.org/_layouts/treatybodyexternal/Download.aspx?symbolno=CRPD%2fC%2fBRA%2f1&Lang=en
In Brazil the isolation of people with Leprosy was compulsory by law from the years 1920-1962 but in reality operated in this fashion until the 1980`s. This was largely based on the stigmas associated with the disease and somewhere people affected by Leprosy still continue to be stigmatized.
Brazil currently records the second most cases of leprosy in the world. Treatment for Leprosy is in the process of being integrated into the general health services in Brazil.
Brazil’s main organization working for the people affected by Leprosy is MORHAN - Movimento de Reintegração das Pessoas Atingidas pela Hanseníase (Movement for the Reintegratio of People Affected by Leprosy) aiming to completely eliminate the disease and stigma attached from Brazil.
Movimento de Reintegracao das Pessoas Atingidas pela Hanseniase (MORHAN)
Artur Custodio de Souza
Address: Matoso Street, No.6, Room 204,
Flag Square- Rio de Janeiro/RJ
Phone: 021 2502.0100, 0800.026 2001